This is Part 2 of the Trademark Classes Explained Series. No worries if you have not checked out Part 1 yet, because Part 2 is designed to be a reference tool for you. Part 2 includes a brief introduction to the trademark classes and an itemized list with the descriptions of the international trademark classes that are used in the USPTO trademark applications to identify your goods and/or services. The list of trademark classes can be a helpful tool for you by giving you a high-level bird’s-eye view of which classes will best identify your goods and services. Since this is a resource for you, use it how you see fit. You may go with the flow or just skip right ahead to the good part (the list)! It’s up to you.
Let’s go ahead and jump into Part 2…Ready?
Brief Intro to the Trademark Classes: Trademark classes (“classes”) are the categories used by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) and other international trademark regulatory bodies to easily classify and identify groupings and types of goods and services. As highlihted in Part 1, the classes are actually based on the forty-five (45) International Trademark Classes (“ICs ”or “IC”), based on the Nice Classification (“NCL”), which was established by the Nice Agreement in 1957. So to keep it light, without going too deep into the history of it all, we can agree that this is a long-standing international classification system that is used to identify goods and services in the registration of marks.
Now, without further ado, I give you **The List** There are 45 classes total, which can be broken down further into 34 classes for goods/products, and 11 classes for services. For research purposes and ease of navigation, each class is hyperlinked to its World Intellectual Property Organization (“WIPO”) Explanatory Note (in WIPO’s database). These WIPO international class explanatory notes are so important, because the explanatory notes contain examples of what each class does and does not include.
CLASS 1 (Chemicals) Chemicals for use in industry, science and photography, as well as in agriculture, horticulture and forestry; unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; fire extinguishing and fire prevention compositions; tempering and soldering preparations; substances for tanning animal skins and hides; adhesives for use in industry; putties and other paste fillers; compost, manures, fertilizers; biological preparations for use in industry and science.
CLASS 2 (Paints) Paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; colorants, dyes; inks for printing, marking and engraving; raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for use in painting, decorating, printing and art.
CLASS 3 (Cosmetics and cleaning preparations) Non-medicated cosmetics and toiletry preparations; non-medicated dentifrices; perfumery, essential oils; bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations.
CLASS 4 (Lubricants and fuels) Industrial oils and greases, wax; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels and illuminants; candles and wicks for lighting.
CLASS 5 (Pharmaceuticals) Pharmaceuticals, medical and veterinary preparations; sanitary preparations for medical purposes; dietetic food and substances adapted for medical or veterinary use, food for babies; dietary supplements for humans and animals; plasters, materials for dressings; material for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparations for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides.
CLASS 6 (Metal goods) Common metals and their alloys, ores; metal materials for building and construction; transportable buildings of metal; non-electric cables and wires of common metal; small items of metal hardware; metal containers for storage or transport; safes.
CLASS 7 (Machinery) Machines, machine tools, power-operated tools; motors and engines, except for land vehicles; machine coupling and transmission components, except for land vehicles; agricultural implements, other than hand-operated hand tools; incubators for eggs; automatic vending machines.
CLASS 8 (Hand tools) Hand tools and implements, hand-operated; cutlery; side arms, except firearms; razors.
CLASS 9 (Electrical and scientific apparatus) Scientific, nautical, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, checking (supervision), life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling electricity; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; compact discs, DVDs and other digital recording media; mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines, data processing equipment, computers; computer software; fire-extinguishing apparatus.
CLASS 10 (Medical Apparatus) Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments, artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; orthopedic articles; suture materials.
CLASS 11 (Environmental control apparatus) Apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying, ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes.
CLASS 12 (Vehicles) Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water.
CLASS 13 (Firearms) Firearms; ammunition and projectiles; explosives; fireworks.
CLASS 14 (Jewelry) Precious metals and their alloys; jewelry, precious and semi-precious stones; horological and chronometric instruments.
CLASS 15 (Musical Instruments) Musical instruments.
CLASS 16 (Paper goods and printed matter) Paper and cardboard; printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery and office requisites, except furniture; adhesives for stationery or household purposes; drawing materials and materials for artists; paintbrushes; instructional and teaching materials; plastic sheets, films and bags for wrapping and packaging; printers' type, printing blocks.
CLASS 17 (Rubber goods) Unprocessed and semi-processed rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica and substitutes for all these materials; plastics and resins in extruded form for use in manufacture; packing, stopping and insulating materials; flexible pipes, tubes and hoses, not of metal.
CLASS 18 (Leather goods) Leather and imitations of leather; animal skins and hides; luggage and carrying bags; umbrellas and parasols; walking sticks; whips, harness and saddlery; collars, leashes and clothing for animals.
CLASS 19 (Nonmetallic building materials) Building materials (non-metallic); non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch and bitumen; non-metallic transportable buildings; monuments, not of metal.
CLASS 20 (Furniture and articles not otherwise classified) Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; containers, not of metal, for storage or transport; unworked or semi-worked bone, horn, whalebone or mother-of-pearl; shells; meerschaum; yellow amber.
CLASS 21 (Housewares and glass) Household or kitchen utensils and containers; cookware and tableware, except forks, knives and spoons; combs and sponges; brushes, except paintbrushes; brush-making materials; articles for cleaning purposes; unworked or semi-worked glass, except building glass; glassware, porcelain and earthenware.
CLASS 22 (Cordage and fibers) Ropes and string; nets; tents and tarpaulins; awnings of textile or synthetic materials; sails; sacks for the transport and storage of materials in bulk; padding, cushioning and stuffing materials, except of paper, cardboard, rubber or plastics; raw fibrous textile materials and substitutes therefor.
CLASS 23 (Yarns and threads) Yarns and threads, for textile use.
CLASS 24 (Fabrics) Textiles and substitutes for textiles; household linen; curtains of textile or plastic.
CLASS 25 (Clothing) Clothing, footwear, headgear.
CLASS 26 (Fancy goods and hair items) Lace and embroidery, ribbons and braid; buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; artificial flowers; hair decorations; false hair.
CLASS 27 (Floor coverings) Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors; wall hangings (non-textile).
CLASS 28 (Toys and sporting goods) Games and playthings; gymnastic and sporting articles not included in other classes; decorations for Christmas trees.
CLASS 29 (Meats and processed foods) Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, frozen, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, compotes; eggs; milk and milk products; oils and fats for food.
CLASS 30 (Staple foods) Coffee, tea, cocoa and artificial coffee; rice; tapioca and sago; flour and preparations made from cereals; bread, pastries and confectionery; edible ices; sugar, honey, treacle; yeast, baking-powder; salt; mustard; vinegar, sauces (condiments); spices; ice (frozen water).
CLASS 31 (Natural agricultural products) Raw and unprocessed agricultural, aqua-cultural, horticultural and forestry products; raw and unprocessed grains and seeds; fresh fruits and vegetables, fresh herbs; natural plants and flowers; bulbs, seedlings and seeds for planting; live animals; foodstuffs and beverages for animals; malt.
CLASS 32 (Light beverages and beer) Beers; mineral and aerated waters and other nonalcoholic drinks; fruit beverages and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages.
CLASS 33 (Wine and spirits) Alcoholic beverages (except beers).
CLASS 34 (Smokers' articles) Tobacco; smokers' articles; matches.
CLASS 35 (Advertising and business) Advertising; business management; business administration; office functions.
CLASS 36 (Insurance and financial) Insurance; financial affairs; monetary affairs; real estate affairs.
CLASS 37 (Building construction and repair) Building construction; repair; installation services.
CLASS 38 (Telecommunications) Class 38 includes mainly services allowing at least one person to communicate with another by a sensory means.
CLASS 39 (Transportation and storage) Transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement.
CLASS 40 (Treatment of materials) Treatment of materials. Class 40 includes mainly services not included in other classes, rendered by the mechanical or chemical processing, transformation or production of objects or inorganic or organic substances, including custom manufacturing services.
CLASS 41 (Education and entertainment) Education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities.
CLASS 42 (Computer and scientific) Scientific and technological services and research and design relating thereto: industrial analysis and research services; design and development of computer hardware and software.
CLASS 43 (Hotels and Restaurants) Services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodations.
CLASS 44 (Medical, beauty & agricultural) Medical services; veterinary services; hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, horticulture and forestry services.
CLASS 45 (Legal, Personal, Social Services) Legal services; security services for the physical protection of tangible property and individuals; personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals.
Best of luck! Thanks for reading.
If you found Parts 1 and 2 to be helpful, you are going to love Trademark Classes Explained Series: Part 3. Part 3 is where we bring it all together with a 4-step strategy on researching and selecting the right trademark classes with peace of mind and confidence. *Coming next week*
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**This post is not intended to be a substitute for legal advice. Consult a licensed trademark law attorney for specific trademark law questions that you may have.**